Types of Fishing Rods-Explained

It is always a quite difficult decision when it comes to selecting a fishing rod that best suits our skill level and our type of fishing. There were days when a single rod was used as an all-rounder now, there are plenty of different types of fishing rods each for a different fishing technique, different locations and different species in short, each type of fishing rod is different in every aspect.

Spending money on an expensive rod doesn’t qualify it for the category of best rod unless it does sets perfect for you.

I have listed different types of fishing rods along with their key differences that will help you to select a suitable rod to make your fishing experience enjoyable and end with a victory.

Types of Fishing rods

Explore with us, eight types of fishing rods as fishing rods are typically categorized due to their different functionalities and features

Let’s begin the journey…………….

Spinning fishing rods, budget friendly type of fishing rod
  • comes in all sizes
  • reels lies in bottom side of rod
  • can be easily hold in dominant hand
  • commonly used rod
  • easy to use
  • best for beginners

One of the most commonly used types of rod among anglers and others because of its variety in lengths, ease of use and, rod actions. Moreover, the placement of the reel under the rod not only reduces pressure on the wrist but also makes it super comfortable to handle the rod, as a result, helps in catching a variety of fish.

Spinning rods allow long casting with light lures. Its lightweight backbone power helps the casting process load properly enabling anglers to cast longer with light lures even in heavy water conditions. The best thing about the spinning rods is they are suitable for people of all skill levels. Its weight is lighter than the casting rods making it a beginner-friendly as well as budget firendly rod.

Related Content : best spinning rods 2022, best spinning rods for bass

Best Uses

  • Bottom Fishing
  • Bobber Fishing
  • Boat Fishing
  • Ice Fishing Surf Fishing
types of fishing rods
  • Opposite to Spinning rods
  • reel lies above the rod
  • best for professionals

       A casting rod is totally opposite to spinning rods. Its reel sets above the rod and due to this placement, your hand just perfectly fits on its handle with one of the fingers on the line so you can feel when a fish is picked. Casting Rods’ eyelets take an upward position as rods bend over with the guides facing up, it can be used with heavy fishing lines and lures so it can handle heavyweight fishing.  Although it provides high casting accuracy but one has to be trained for using them so it is perfect, especially for bass anglers.

In short, casting rods are used in case of serious fishing as it can be challenging to learn to use casting rods. You may hear casting the rod as a baitcasting rod or spin-cast rod both of these differ with the no of eyes on the rod.

Best Uses

  • Bass Fishing
  • Black Crappie
  • Walleye
  • Trout
  • River Fishing
  • can be maximized and minimized in length
  • Portable in nature
  • suitable for all fishing types

Telescopic rods are designed in a way that they can be maximized and minimized in length hence highly portable and compact in nature. Its length can be expanded up to 30 feet and can be reduced to almost half a foot hence it can be declared the best travel fishing rod. You can easily carry it on your trips even you are in a car or a bike this can be your best travel buddy.

Same graphite, fiberglass, carbon, or composite material is used for rod construction as for other multi-piece rods. Due to its unique design, it requires more maintenance and care. You should clean its joints regularly from dirt or sand moreover one should be careful while closing as the rod can easily break with this style. Besides all this, telescopic rods are lightweight, easy to carry, and suitable for all types of fishing.

Best Uses

  • Light bait fishing
  • Camping
  • Saltwater Fishing
  • Freshwater Fishing

4-Surf Fishing Rods

  • Longest of all rods
  • Can cast Long enough while standing on shoreline
  • can be used in heavy water conditions

Surf Fishing rods are the longest of all rods. As surf fishing is performed standing on the shoreline so it must be long enough so that one can cast the line far enough. Moreover, its long grip handles allow a two-handed casting technique to implement on the rod. Surf rods are made strong enough so that they cast long enough even in heavy water and also can catch a big fish. As surf fishing is usually done at sea where water conditions aren’t good all the time so they are designed perfectly for helping anglers successfully cast the lure to the targeted area.

In, fact surf fishing rods are not suitable for everyone as one has to be trained or experienced enough to meet surf fishing conditions. These are considered a particular type of fishing rods for a particular fishing location.

Best Uses

  • Big Fish
  • For casting heavy baits
  • Sea Fishing

5-Trolling Fishing Rods

different types of fishing rods
  • thick and Heavy
  • can be fixed to boader of boats
  • fast action
  • especially designed to perform in heavy water conditions

Although many anglers believe that any spinning or casting rod can also be used for trolling but a simple or slow action rod can’t be used so with the passage of time many brands have launched collections of trolling fishing rods. Trolling rods are thick, heavy, and fast action rods as simple thin rods can snap when catching fish through fast heavy running water so trolling fishing rods are thicker and stronger. These rods have relatively longer handles than all other types of fishing rods.

Just as a fact, talking about this fishing type can be considered a fun experience and a thrilling game because in this fishing method the moving boat pulls the lure or bait through heavy water it is like playing with the fish. The rods can be fixed with bait borders so that bait can move in direction of the boat.

Best Uses

  • Salmon Fishing
  • King mackerel Fishing
  • Ocean Fishing
  • Lake Fishing
type of fishing rod
  • merely 24 to 36 inches in length
  • similar to spinning rods
  • specially designed for ice fishing

Ice fishing rods are smaller-sized rods merely 24 to 36 inches in length. You have to drill a hole through the ice to catch a fish swimming under the ice. Ice Fishing rods are specifically designed for only ice fishing so you can cast through a very short distance right just standing above the fish. Modern ice rods have all the qualities that a basic fishing rod has however classic rods were simply wooden pieces with no reel.

Briefly, we can say that ice fishing rods are actually spinning rods in a smaller length.

Ice fishing is an enchanting experience so when you have a perfect rod your experience will be more delightful.

Best Uses

  • Ice Fishing
  • Frozen lakes
  • Frozen ponds

7-Fly Fishing Rods

types of fishing rods
  • comes with fishing fly line
  • casts artifical fly for catching fish
  • contains large diameter fly line guide
  • reel is different from other reels

Fly fishing rods are very much different from many other types of fishing rods. Fly fishing is basically casting an artificial fly as a lure which is lightweight foamy material with fur and feathers. These rods are particularly designed for fly fishing as their length is relatively much longer than other fishing rods. Fly fishing rods comes with a fly line, a flying reel that is quite different from spinning reels. Its line sizes vary from small and lightweight to large and heavy for catching small trout fish to heavy saltwater fish. Fly rods use thick fly lines whose movement is controlled by larger diameter fly line guides. Its rod construction is of composite material.

           Today, most modern fly rods are made from carbon graphite construction material.

Best Uses

  • Trout Fishing
  • Pan fishing
  • Large saltwater game fishing

8-Sea Fishing Rods

types of fishing rods
  • perfect for heavy game fish
  • rods are thick and long

If you are interested in fishing from a boat in an ocean, in a sea, or want to go for a heavy game fish. Yes!! Sea fishing rods are perfect for your occasion. They are thick, with heavy tips, eyes, and handles as they are specifically designed to catch big fish like sharks and many other big sea species. The very important point about sea fishing rods is that they must be corrosion resistant as salty seawater may damage the rods and reels. They are perfectly designed for casting in heavy water.

             Moreover, different types of sea fishing rods are available for different locations like offshore fishing, inshore fishing, and also for different species.

Best Uses

  • Marlin fishing
  • Shark Fishing game
  • heavy ocean and sea species

Points of Consideration before buying any type of fishing rods

When buying a fishing rod many questions came to mind, one of the most common is “what type of fishing rod should I buy?” so we have listed some points

  • What type of fishing location you are going for?
  • What type of fish do you want to catch?
  • Going for a long trip?
  • Rod Construction Material
  •  Fiberglass
  • Graphite
  • Composite
  • Bamboo
  • When to choose Fiberglass rods

If you are a beginner and going for a low to medium-sized stream you should consider a fiberglass rod. Its slow action increases catching opportunities. Its sensitivity makes it easier to feel the rod load. They are lightweight but heavier than graphite rods.  Moreover, if you are looking for less expensive rods, you should go for fiberglass rods.

  • When to choose Graphite Rods

For larger fish catch and heavy water conditions, we recommend you to go for graphite rods. Although they are expensive but fast in action and very much light in weight. It is recommended for experienced anglers.

  • When to Choose Bamboo Rods

If you are an experienced angler and familiar with classic fishing styles you can buy bamboo rods. Although they are bendy, sensitive, and flexible but heavier than fiberglass and graphite rods so they are not recommended for all-day-long fishing.

  • When to choose composite Rods

They are in between graphite and fiberglass rods. These rods come with the qualities of both materials. Suitable for anglers of any skill level. They also have price range from low to high.

Final Thoughts

There are plenty of different types of rods available in the market and of course, it is quite challenging, especially for beginners and occasional anglers. However, you should consider the above-mentioned points for choosing among various types of fishing rods as they vary for different locations, species, structures, and experience levels. At last, we must say that if you find a fishing rod perfectly suitable for you and fulfills all your fishing needs, your fishing experience is going to be a memorable one. We have listed different types of fishing rods and their uses, and different materials of fishing rods. Hope you find our guide helpful for finding a suitable fishing rod and saves your time from endless searching.

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